Millions of Bangladeshis have poured into India as Indian economy has prospered. Many other root bridges can be found nearby, in the villages of Nongthymmai, Mynteng, and Tynrong. [81] The Cherra Companyganj State Railways was a former mountain railway through the state. 81% of the state's population depends on agriculture. The mandate of the department is to bring about increased crop production and productivity. Cavers from the United Kingdom, Germany, Austria, Ireland, and the United States have been visiting Meghalaya for over a decade exploring these caves. Over the years there have been several weeklies and Dailies that have come up. The river then moves along and before reaching a deep gorge, forms a waterfall about 60 meters high called Shadthum Fall. Meghalaya is famous for its living root bridges, a kind of suspension bridge made over rivers using intertwined roots of Ficus elastica trees planted on opposite banks of the river or hill slopes. Zizira is striving to open markets for them. Thus, irrigation comprehends soil management and cropping pattern according to the growth of the plant. 53–56. Its shoots are edible and used by the local folks. Meghalaya’s Temperate Crop Treasures Meghalaya’s wide range of agro-climatic conditions supports an astonishing variety of floras and faunas. [72], For Garos, festivals sustain their cultural heritage. These farming practices develop a balance between meeting our present needs, preserving natural resources and protecting the environment for the needs of future generations. The popular cash crops, which are traditionally cultivated, include turmeric, ginger, blackpepper, arecanut, Betelvina, tapioca, short staple cotton, jute and mesta, mustard and rapeseed. 7 TABLE: 1 NAME OF THE CROP: Wheat District Type 1970-71 1971-72 1972-73 1973-74 1974-75 1975-76 1976-77 1977-78 1978-79 1979-80 1980-81 1981-82 1982-83 1983-84 1984-85 1985-86 1986-87 Read the turmeric growing practices in this village. These traditional farming methods are properly adapted to the environmental conditions of Meghalaya. Ginger is the main cash crop for farmers / tribals of the region. 53–56. Meghalaya's turmeric, grown in Jaintia hills, is considered best in the world. Picture Gallery Forthcoming Festivals. Ramakrishnan, P. S. (1992), Shifting agriculture and sustainable development: an interdisciplinary study from north-eastern India, Parthenon Publishing Group, Roy, P. S., & Tomar, S. (2001), Landscape cover dynamics pattern in Meghalaya, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 22(18), pp 3813-3825, Saha, R., Mishra, V. K., & Khan, S. K. (2011), Soil erodibility characteristics under modified land-use systems as against shifting cultivation in hilly ecosystems of Meghalaya India, Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 30(4), 301-312, Pakrasi, K., Arya, V. S., & Sudhakar, S. (2014), Biodiversity hot-spot modeling and temporal analysis of Meghalaya using Remote sensing technique, International Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol 4, Number 5, pp 772-785. Other important food grain crops … More News. A group of women worker working at the potato field. Local folks of Meghalaya mostly use two types of farming practices, the shifting cultivation, and the terrace or bun cultivation. Meghalaya is an upland area formed by a detached block of the Deccan plateau. Irrigation Statistics in Meghalaya for the year 2000-01 & 2001-02 74-75 58. The State has vast natural resources of coal, limestone, kaolin, granite etc. Umiam-793103, Meghalaya INTRODUCTION The crops, which are neither grown commercially on large scale nor traded widely, may be termed as underutilized horticultural crops (UUHC). Farmers also practise the method of tree-based farming practice, where the crops are grown together with trees such as alder, areca nut, coconut, bamboo, and Khasi pine. for different occasion. A narrow strip of land often called the Siliguri Corridor or the Chicken's Neck, connects the region with the state of West Bengal. Farming methods such as shifting cultivation and terrace (bun) agriculture are the two popular ones. Most of the arrivals into the Meghalaya take place through Guwahati in neighbouring Assam, which is nearly 103 km away. DOI: 10.31014/aior.1991.01.02.20. Here, I would like to talk about the traditional farming methods practised in Meghalaya. [citation needed] The hot springs at Jakrem near Mawsynram are believed to have curative and medicinal properties. Irrigation Statistics in Meghalaya for the year 2004-2005 78 60. Another folktale is from the Garo Hills of Meghalaya where a man named Bone-Neripa-Jane-Nitepa harvested rice and millet from a patch of land he cleared and cultivated near the rock named misi-Kokdok. , you must check out the turmeric twist honey from Zizira that is sourced from the pristine lands of Meghalaya and brought directly to you. Bamboo (Bambusa sp.) Meghalaya farmers are bringing back the ancient crop Lang Pyrtuh is a staunch supporter of millet cultivation. Details about various crops sown and harvested such as soyaben, maize, paddy, mustard, etc. Meghalaya is an Indian state and located in north-eastern part of India. Meghalaya ; (meaning "abode of clouds"; from Sanskrit megha, “cloud” + ā-laya, “abode”) is a state in northeastern India. The main crop of Meghalaya is rice. 0 Comments, January 02, 2021 McDuie-Ra, Duncan (19 January 2007). Nongriat, meghalaya, india Paddy fields in khasi and jaintia Hills of Meghalaya. The Webinar entitled “Meghalaya’s Agri Vision 2040,” the first such online event of this scale was inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Shri Conrad K. Sangma on 10th July, 2020 in the presence of the Chief Secretary to the Government of Meghalaya, Shri M. S. Rao, Principal Secretary Agriculture Dr.S.Ahaamed and departmental officials. Meghalaya Festival Calendar: Related Links Classifieds Education: Last Updated on : 21 July 2018: Information. Major traditional festivals include Pusne', Biswe', Kati Gasa, Bastu Puje' and Chor Maga. But what we didn’t know is that we have such fruit in our very own backyard, in India’s northeastern state, Arunachal Pradesh. Umiam-793103, Meghalaya INTRODUCTION The crops, which are neither grown commercially on large scale nor traded widely, may be termed as underutilized horticultural crops (UUHC). Disclaimer Meghalaya has a railhead at Mendipathar and regular train service connecting Mendipathar in Meghalaya and Guwahati in Assam, has started on 30 November 2014. When both these ingredients are combined, you can gauge the efficacy of the blend. Skip to main content. These crops are cultivated, traded and consumed locally. [95] The world's average annual death rate from intentional violence, in recent years, has been 7.9 per 100,000 people. Meghalaya also offers many adventure tourism opportunities in the form of mountaineering, rock climbing, trekking, and hiking, caving (spelunking) and water sports. It's located about 25 kilometres from Shillong. By 2004, total road length has reached up to 9,350 km out of which 5,857 km were surfaced. The god gave the human beings some of those celestial seeds, provided instruction on shift agriculture and proper rice cultivation practice, with the demand that at every harvest a portion of the first harvest must be dedicated to him. The entire plain belt of Garo Hills is inhabited by the Hajongs, they are an agrarian tribe. Which received the assent of the Governor on the 3rd May 1997 and was published in the Gazette of Meghalaya Extraordinary issue dated 3rd May. Soil and climate: It is mostly grown as rainfed crop. The farmers may or may not return to the old site after the fertility of the soil has recovered. 'Mawphor': It is one of the daily newspaper circulating in Jowai, Meghalaya. Uploaded by DBM Video Jhum cultivation in Meghalaya #DBMVideo by DBM Video dbmvideo. Shillong as the capital of the state has a fashion sense of its own and it is clearly evident with the way people dress up and wear mostly trendy clothes. Meghalaya is compared to Scotland for its highlands, fog, and scenery. [97], The state has had 23 state governments since its inception in 1972, with a median life span of fewer than 18 months. These were the seeds of rice. We reach out to New Zealand to get a taste of the exotic and world-renowned kiwifruit. Besides the major food crop of rice and maize, Meghalaya is renowned for its oranges (Khasi Mandarian), pineapple, banana, jackfruits, temperate fruits like plum, pears and peaches, etc. Nowadays, honey is being collected in artificial boxes also, instead of hives on trees. Meghalaya was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 1972. Choudhury, A.U. To provide better services to the people of the state, the Meghalaya Public Works Department is taking steps for improvement and up-gradation of the existing roads and bridges in phased manner. Find out what is unique about Meghalaya and the potential of the land. Get information about crop calendar by Department of Agriculture of Meghalaya. In: Journal of Social and Political Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, 297-305. Meghalaya has several parks; Thangkharang Park, the Eco-park, the Botanical Garden and Lady Hydari Park to name a few. "India's Northeast: rejuvenating a conflict-riven economy", Faultines. (1996) "Red panda in Garo Hills". Of the total agricultural land in Meghalaya, 62% is used for food grains, 25% for cash crops, 9% for horticultural crops and the rest 4% is used for raising miscellaneous crops57. This is the beautiful 'Lakadong Country' that courses through gently rolling hills, verdant forests, and fields that boast of a variety of crops including the one-of-its-kind Lakadong, the world's best turmeric. Vol 6, 2000. Soil is an essential resource provided to us by nature. Cropping pattern of Meghalaya. Meghalaya is predominantly an agrarian state where majority of population live in rural areas. Both are located in the Jaintia Hills. It supports plant growth, stores nutrients, filters the air quality through atmospheric interactions and stores and purifies the water. [105], Some major media outlets in the state are:[citation needed]. Illegal immigration has become a major issue in Indian states that surround Bangladesh – West Bengal to the west, Meghalaya and Assam to the north, and Tripura, Mizoram, and Manipur to the east. The major crop plants of Meghalaya are Paddy, Maize, Millets, Pulses, Potato, Jute and Mesta, Ginger, Turmeric, Black Pepper, Sugar Cane, Oil Seeds. The population numbered 2,175,000. Rice is the dominant food grain crop accounting for over 80% of the food grain production in the state. The main crops grown in Meghalaya are rice, millet, corn (maize), potatoes, pepper, chilies, cotton, ginger, jute, betel nuts, fruits (including oranges and mangoes), and vegetables. The rice is stored primarily for consumption and for seeding purpose. When the rice is de-husked, these are then stored in bamboo containers locally called ‘thiar’ in Khasi. - Times of India", https://thenortheasttoday.com/archive/hindu-population-comes-down-in-meghalaya/, "Department of Tourism Government of Meghalaya -About Meghalaya", "The English & Foreign Languages University, Shillong Campus – Shillong Campus", "Home Page | Meghalaya Government Portal", "See 3rd table set for 2012 in Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "IIM Shillong Ranked 21st Among Management Institutes", "The Living-Root Bridge: The Symbol Of Benevolence", "Why is Meghalaya's Botanical Architecture Disappearing? Examples of these structures can be found as far west as the valley east of Mawsynram,[77] and as far east as the East Jaintia Hills District,[78] meaning that they are made by both Khasis and Jaintias. Agriculture in the remote mountain village in Meghalaya-India. Want to hear interesting real-life stories about farmers in a remote corner of India? These plantation practices help in the conservation of soil and increase agricultural crops and forest production. After this period, the cultivation is moved to another site. Areca nut and coconut are considered commercially vital for the economy of Meghalaya. There is a plan for extending the rail link from Guwahati to Byrnihat (20 kilometres (12 mi) from Guwahati) within Meghalaya and further extending it up to state capital Shillong. The State has vast natural resources of coal, limestone, kaolin, granite etc. Image of green, cauliflower, ground - 126871760 It provides an improved production system, helps conserve soil moisture, and prevents land degradation and soil erosion. The last state assembly elections were held in 2013, after a five-year government that was elected in 2008. The folks of Meghalaya believe and practice traditional methods of cultivation. Many private buses and taxi operators carry passengers from Guwahati to Shillong. SNAITANG, R. (2009), Christianity and Change among the Hill Tribes of Northeast India, Christianity and Change in Northeast India (Editors: Subba et al. It is a significant issue in Meghalaya, given majority of its people rely on agriculture to make a living. Meghalaya News. It is about 35 mile from the city of Shillong, Balpakram National Park with its pristine habitat and scenery is a major attraction. [82] Guwahati (103 kilometres (64 mi) from Shillong) is the nearest major railway station connecting the north-east region with the rest of the country through a broad gauge track network. The Meghalaya subtropical forests support a vast variety of flora and fauna. It performs multiple functions essential for the maintenance of the ecosystem. Only three governments have survived more than three years. Meghalaya is amongst the highest rainfall areas in the world with an annual average rainfall of 11,000 mm during the period of 1980-91, ... thus causing immense damage to crops. The Webinar entitled “Meghalaya’s Agri Vision 2040,” the first such online event of this scale was inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Shri Conrad K. Sangma on 10th July, 2020 in the presence of the Chief Secretary to the Government of Meghalaya, Shri M. S. Rao, Principal Secretary Agriculture Dr.S.Ahaamed and departmental officials. Perched atop a hillock is the more than 600-year old and ancient Durgabari - a simple house made of stones and wood complete with tin roofing. Temperate vegetables include cabbage, cauliflower, tomato, peas, … It is practised according to the agro-climatic condition of the areas. It is vital to identify and utilize such indigenous knowledge from our elderly folks, which will help bridge the gap between modern science and age-old practices. There are at least four major crops that are grown in about 10000 ha each, in our state, namely: – Potato, Mandarin Orange, Pineapple, and Ginger. Uploaded by DBM Video Jhum cultivation in Meghalaya #DBMVideo by DBM Video dbmvideo. After the harvest season, it is essential that the crops are dried before storage. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). This cultivation method has been prevalent for the last 3 decades. The road density had increased to 41.69 km per 100 square kilometre by March 2011. 0 Comments, Get new articles and stories as soon as they're published. Meghalaya is also connected to Silchar in Assam, Aizawl in Mizoram, and Agartala in Tripura through national highways. Fruits, plantation and cash crops are a significant source of income for Meghalaya. Soil management or conservation in farming aims to sustain the productivity and production of crops. The state offers several trekking routes, some of which also afford an opportunity to encounter rare animals. ), SANKAR KUMAR ROY, Aspects of Neolithic Agriculture and Shifting Cultivation, Garo Hills, Meghalaya, Asian Perspectives, XXIV (2), 1981, pp 193-221. January 13, 2021 ", "A mountain railway that existed 125 years ago", "Shillong airport's new terminal to open on Saturday", India's 2014 Elections: Narendra Modi Says Some Illegal Immigrants From Bangladesh Are Better Than Others, MHA asks Meghalaya to speed up border fencing work, "Meghalaya's Congress CM Mukul Sangma too rings alarm on influx of illegal migrants", Meghalaya Violence Statistics, India Fatalities 1994-2014, "Participatory Planning and Inclusive Governance", "Official Website of the Election Department, Government of Meghalaya, India", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meghalaya&oldid=1000035926, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1972, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from August 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Revered as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, the temple has been drawing a large number of pilgrims from all over the country on occasion of Durga Puja. [77] Other areas with root bridges include Riwai village, near the tourist village of Mawlynnong, Pynursla, especially the villages of Rangthyllaing and Mawkyrnot, and the area around Dawki, in the West Jaintia Hills district, where there are many living root bridges scattered throughout the nearby villages.[78]. It celebrates nature, balance and solidarity among its people. This plantation method is practiced in various areas of the state. the region; Meghalaya has not seen the introduction of commercial cereals and other cash-crops until now, in contrast to the farmers of the central Ganges plain who experienced this transition during the green revolution. Spencer, J. E. (1966), Shifting cultivation in southeastern Asia (Vol. They have fine textures ranging from loam to silty-loam and alluvial soils. [89] The village is geared for tourism and has a Living Root Bridges, hiking trails and rock formations. Above are in Jaintia Hills. The vertical break between each terrace is one meter. The main festivals of Garos are Den Bilsia, Wangala, Rongchu gala, Mi Amua, Mangona, Grengdik BaA, Jamang Sia, Ja Megapa, Sa Sat Ra Chaka, Ajeaor Ahaoea, Dore Rata Dance, Chambil Mesara, Do'KruSua, Saram Cha'A, A Se Mania or Tata which celebrated .[72]. The Umiam Lake has a water sports complex with facilities such as rowboats, paddleboats, sailing boats, cruise-boats, water-scooters, and speedboats. Some of the important sub-tropical vegetables are cucumber, pumpkins, bitter gourd, beans, brinjal, a variety of leafy vegetables, etc. [98] Over recent years, there has been increasing political stability. I bring you this story based on our first-hand experience of working with farmers of Meghalaya. Rhizomes and tuber crops are intercropped in this plantation practice. Choudhury, A. U. It is used in culinary, flavourant in beverages, confectionery, pickles and pharmaceutical preparations. Agriculture. Krem Liat Prah is the longest cave, and Synrang Pamiang is the deepest cave. [85] Other nearby airports are in Assam, with Borjhar, Guwahati airport (IATA: GAU), about 124 kilometres (77 mi) from Shillong. A double-decker bridge exists in Nongriat village. The road is the only means of transport. Traditional farming methods are prevalent and used by the different indigenous tribal folks of the state. The service sector of the state comprises of insurance companies and real estate. To name a few: Weekly Employment Newsletter which is distributed throughout the state: Clockwise from top:Noakalikai Falls, Tawny Breasted Wren, Dawki River, Khrangsuri waterfall, Meghalaya's forests host 660 species of birds. The important crops of the state are potato, rice, maize, pineapple, banana etc. The Department of Agriculture was created in 1882 as the Department of Agriculture, Assam. *Meghalaya agriculture map showing different commercial crops cultivating areas. (2003) "Meghalaya's vanishing wilderness". Zizira’s team of explorers went on a quest to get some insight into the potential of agriculture of Meghalaya. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 22,430 square kilometres, with a length to breadth ratio of about 3:1. Adjacent to the sandy beach the Phanliang River forms a lake. Picture Gallery Forthcoming Festivals. Not many of these have however been developed or promoted adequately for major tourist destinations. You will also learn how farmers harvest crops in Meghalaya in such a way that it improves the fertility of the soil, and the traditional storage rooms are made in such a way that they are pest resistant. He says, “Even if money started growing on trees or we have lots of money in hand; but still, we cannot eat money.” 10. [citation needed] Dozens of political and civic groups have demanded that this migration be stopped or controlled to manageable levels. They have been using these methods since time immemorial. In fact, rice is the staple food of the people of Meghalaya. Here are a few traditional tree-based, plantation practices of Meghalaya: Plantation of Alder (Alnus nepalensis) together with turmeric, sweet potato, ginger and potato is a common practice among native communities of Meghalaya. The State has a vast potential for developing horticulture due to agro-climatic variations, which offer much scope for cultivation of temperate, sub-tropical and tropical fruits and vegetables. Based on the 2015-16 data, the net sown area of Meghalaya is 3,43,431 ha which is just 15.27% of the total geographical area. However, unlike in the past, they no longer practise or observe those festivals except ‘Nûlding Kût.’ The Nûlding Kût ("renewal of life") festival is observed every January, with singing, dancing, and traditional games—after the Priest (Thiampu) pray to Chung Pathian to bless them in every sphere of life. Zizira operates from Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya in the Northeast part of India – a region known for its verdant landscape, natural springs that irrigate fields, and unique herbs and spices. The process of irrigation is an important factor in crop production as it allows proper utilization of water and leads to an increase in production. It is for preserving and restoring the lands. Zoological Survey of India, Fauna of Meghalaya: Vertebrates, Part 1 of Fauna of Meghalaya, Issue 4, Government of India (1995). However, Meghalaya is still far below the national average of 75 km per 100 km2. 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